India States

ANDHRA PRADESH ARUNACHAL PRADESH ASSAM
BIHAR DELHI CHHATISGARGH
GOA GUJARAT HARYANA
HIMACHALPRADESH JAMMUANDKASHMIR JHARKHAND
KARNATAKA KERALA MADHYA
PRADESH
MAHARASHTRA MANIPUR MIZORAM
NAGALAND ORISSA PUNJAB
RAJASTHAN SIKKIM TAMILNADU
TRIPURA UTTARANCHAL UTTARPRADESH
WESTBENGAL



ANDHRA PRADESH

Area          : 275,068sq.km Density        
:241
persq.km
Population : 6,65,08,008 Growth rate : 23.82%
Capital       
:
Hyderabad
Description
Area
description
The Eastern Ghats consisting of low hills and a dry plateau run through the state rivers away from the easterns sea coast. The highest peak Mahendragi rises 1,500m. above sea level. The Krishna and Godavari, the largest river in the state has fertile deltas. An important tributary,
of Krishna is the Tungabhadra. The Nagarjunsagar dam is built across the Krishna.
Capital Hyderabad
Towns Vishakpatnam, Kurnool, Guntur, Vijaywada
Language/s Telgu,
Next to Hindi, Telgu is the biggest linguistic unit.
Literacy 45.11% (me n 56.24%, women 33.71%)
Legislative
Council
295
Agriculture 12.33m
tones of foodgrains (principal crop rice 9.7 tonnes) are grown on 13.19 m ha. Of cropped land. Other crops are wheat, jowar, bajra, maiza, groundnut, chillies, cotton, oilseeds and
sugar cane. The biggest money spinner is tobacco.
Forests 63,771sq.km.
Forest products are teak, eucalyptus, cashew, casuarina and bamboo.
Minerals Asbestos and barites, copper ore, coal, iron, limestone and manganese
Industry Some
of the best textiles come from Andhra Pradesh. Other industries are sugar-milling machine , tools, pharmaceuticals, cement, chemicals, glass, fertilizers, electronic equipment,
heavy electrical machinery, aircraft parts and paper-making. There is and oil refinery at Vishakpatnam.
Roads National highway :2,587km.
Tourism Among temples, Tirupati in chittor district attracts more than a lack of piligrims during the season. Places of interest in Hyderabad are Golconda font, the Charminar and the famous Salar Jung Museum.
Festivals Sankranti
(January), Ugadi
(April), Vinayaka
Chaturthi
(August/September).
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ARUNACHAL PRADESH

Area         : 78,438sq.km Population   : 8,64,558
Capital      :  Itanagar

Description
Area description Divided into 12 districts. A scenic.mountainous State with snow Peaks and dense forests, Created as the North ? East Frontier Agency in 1914, it became a Union Territory in 1972 and
a State in 1987.
Capital Itanagar
Towns Annin, Along, Khonsa, Zero, Tezu, Passighat, Seppa, Tawang, Bomdilla.
Literacy 42.22% (men 51.1% and women 29.3%)
Legislative Council 295
Agriculture About 80% of the people are engaged in agriculture, Food grains 207.600 tonnes(1989-90)
Forests 51,540 sq km.
Industry Mainly forest ? based ? saw mills,plywood,soap and candle manufacturing.
Roads 12,788km
Airports Itanagar,Daparijo,Zeru,Along,Passighat and Tezu.
Festivals Igu dance festival (January), Makar Sankrati (January).
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ASSAM

Area          :78,438sq.km Density       : 284persq.km
Population : 2,24,14,332 Growth rate : 23.58%
Capital       
:Dispur

Description
Area description The river Brahmaputra flows through the State Rainfall in Assam is among the highest in the Worlds- 178-305 cm between June and September, 22% of the State is under forests.
Capital Dispur
Towns Guwahati, Dibrugarh, Goalpara, Haflong Tezpur, Lakhimpur, Tinsukhia, Jorhat, Karimganj.
Language/s Assamese
Literacy 53.42% (men 62.34%, Women 43.70%)
Legislative Council 126
Agriculture Over 77% of the people are involved in agriculture. 371 m kg or over 50% of Indian tea comes from Assam. Tea is the principal industry spread over 845 tea plantations. Main cash crops are jute, tea cotton, oilseeds, sugar-cane, fruit and potatoes. Assam is famous for pineapples and oranges.
Forests 91,187,.24sq.km
Minerals Coal, Limestone, refractory day, dolomite
Industry Petrochemicals with 3 refineries, Sericultures, Handlooms, Brass, Cane, Bamboo, Paper, Jute and Nylon.
Roads 28,930 km
Tourism The Kaziranga (rhino) and Manas (elephant and tiger) National Parks and a big tourist draw. Close to
Guwahati is famous Kamakhya Temple.
Festivals Bohag Bihu (April) Durga Puja, Rongali Bihu(September/October)
Airports Guwahati, Tezpur, Jorhat, Lilabari, Silchar and Dibrugarh.

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BIHAR

Area         :173,877 sq.km Density       :497 per sq. km.
Population : 8,63,74,465 Growth rate : 23.49%
Capital      : Patna

Description
Area
description
with 10 divisions covering 42 Districts. North Bihar is watered by rivers Son, Gandak, Sarayn, Kosi and Ganga and the Southern region has the Damodar. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu, one of the longest bridges in the World has been built across the Ganga.
Capital Patna
Towns Arrah, Bhagalpur, Deoghar, Dhanbad, Chhapra, Giridih, Katihar, Muger, Madhubani, Muzzafarpur Sahibganj, Samstipur, Purnea, Ranchi, Sindri (largest fertilizer), Barauni factory, Barauni (oil
Language/s Hindi, Urdu, Maithili, Bhojpuri
Literacy 45.11% (me n 56.24%, women 33.71%)
Legislative
Council
324
Agriculture 1.6 m. ha. Are cultivated to produce 12.3 m tones of food grains every year chief among which is rice (6.56 tonnes) and wheat (3.54 m. tones). Other food crops are maize, rabi and pulses. Main cash crops are jute, sugarcane, oilseeds, tobacco and potato.
Forests 2.9 m. ha. With 12 protected forests
Minerals India?sriches mineral state,Bihar produces 40% of the national
Industry Tata Iron and Steel Co., Tata Engineering & Locomotive Co., the Steel Plant at Bokaro, the Oil Refinery at Barauni, Heavy Engineering Corporation and Foundry Forge Project at Ranchi and Aluminium Plant at Muri..
Roads 35,411 km
Tourism Important tourist centers are Rajgir, Bodh Gaya, Vaishali, Jamshedpur and Nalanda (Site of and an ancient Buddhist university.
Festivals Durga Puja (September/October), Diwali (October/November), Sonepur Cattle Fair (November), Tribal festivals, Chhat (Festival of Sun), Holi (March). 

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CHHATISGARH

Area          : N.A  
Population : 20,795,956

Description

Area
Description
Chhatisgarh was the part of Madhya Pradesh, it has been divided with the area the population recently.
Capital Raipur
Language/s Hindi
Districts 16
Industry Petrochemicals with 3 refineries, Sericultures, Handlooms, Brass, Cane, Bamboo, Paper, Jute and Nylon.
Other
Cities 
Jashpur, Bilaspur, Raigarh, Raipur, Dhamtari, Bastar.
Airports Raipur
Festivals Holi, Dewali, Chhat.

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DELHI

Area          :1,485 sq.kms Capital:Delhi
Population : 13,782,976

Description
Area
Description
Capital of India for centuries. A dry region with extreme hot and cold climate. Delhi includes 214 villages surrounding the urban region of Old and New Delhi. The River Yamuna flows through Delhi. The Aravalli hill ranges known as the Ridge ends here.
Capital Delhi
Language/s Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu, English 
Places
to visit
Purana
Quila, Red Fort, Qutub
Minar, Humayun?s
Tomb, India Gate,
Lotus Temple, Raj Ghat. 
Other
Cities 
New Delhi, Gandhi Nagar, Gurgaon, Ladhirod, Patel Nagar. .
Airports Indira Gandhi International Airport, Palam Airport (Domestic),Safdarjung Airport.
Festivals Ganesh Chaturthi, Dushera, Diwali.

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Goa

Area          : 3,702 sq. km.  
Population : 11,69,793
Description
Area
Description
3,702 sq. km. Lying between the Western Ghat and the Arabian Sea, Goa is famous for its sea beaches. The rivers flowing to the west are Mandove, Zuari, Terekhol,
Chapora and Batul.
Roads 4,163 km.
Language/s Konkani, Marathi, Hindi & English
Agriculture Principal crops are rice, pulses, ragi, maize, groundnut, sugarcane and cashew nut. Fish is the state?s staple food. In 1989 ? 90 the catch of seafish was 53,179 tonnes valued at Rs. 20,19,81,000.
Industry Petrochemicals with 3 refineries, Sericultures, Handlooms, Brass, Cane, Bamboo, Paper, Jute and Nylon.
Towns Vasco-da-Gama, Mapusa, Madgaon.

Minerals 
Manganese, Iron, bauxite, limestone, clay. 
Airports Dabolim
Tourism Historical Churches in Old Goa include the Basilica of Bomm Jesu (where the relics of St. Francis Xavier are kept), these Cathedral and the Church of St. Francies of Assisi. Calangute, Colva and Vagator beaches draw hundreds of tourists every year.
Festivals Christmas (December 25), Tribal Festival.
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GUJARAT

Area          : 196,024 sq.km Density       : 210 per sq.km.
Population :4,13,09,582 Growth rate : 20.8%
Capital
     : Gandhinagar
 
Description
Area
description
Divided into 19 districts. The Tropic of Cancer passes through the north of Gujarat. The State has an extreme climate. Sabarmati, Mahi Narmada, Tapti, Narmada are the major rivers. Peninsular Saurashtra is a hilly tract.
Capital Gandhi nagar.
Towns Surat, Ahmedabad, Rajkot Jamnagar, Kandla, Vadodara.
Language/s Gujarati
Literacy 61.30% (men 72.5%, women 48.5%)
Legislative
Council
182
Agriculture 19.6 m. ha. Principal crops are rice, cotton, pulses, groundnut and tobacco. 
Minerals Limestone, bauxite, agate, quartz, silicon, dolomite and lignite. Coal is found under the Kalol and Mehsana oil and gas fields.
Industry Textiles general and electrical engineering oil refining, petrochemicals, machine tools, pharmaceuticals, dyes, soda ash, cement, salt, sulphuric acid, paper and fertilizers.
Roads 67,065 Km.
Tourism The Shaking Minarets of Ahmedabad has towers, one of which when shaken shakes the others. National parks include Gir forest, the last refuge of the Asiatic lion and Nal Sarover, the bird sanctuary. Dwarak and Somnath are known for the temples.
Festivals Navaratri (September/October) Dussera (September/October) Diwali (November).
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HARYANA

Area         : 44,212 sq.km Density       : 369 per sq. km
Population :1,64,63,648 Growth rate : 26.28%
Capital        : Chandigarh  
Description
Area
description
Divided nto 16 districts. The south-west is dry, sandy and arid. Rivers Ghaggar and the Yamuna border of the state
Capital Chandigarh
Towns Ambala, Faridabad, Guraon, Hissar, Karnal, Rothank, Sirsa, Sonepat, Kurukshetra.
Language/s Hindi, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Literacy 57.33% (men 67.85%, women 40.94%)
Legislative
Council
90
Agriculture Occupation of 82% of the people, Irrigated 9.57 m tonnes of foodgrains (rice 1.8 m. tonnes, wheat 5.9 m. tonnes) are grown including pulses, cotton, Sugar and oilseeds. Dairy farming is highly developed. . 
Minerals Major industries of the State are cement, tractors, refrigerators, vanaspati, cycles, sewing machines, textiles, paper and cars (maruti Udyog factory at Gurgaon).
Industry Textiles general and electrical engineering oil refining, petrochemicals, machine tools, pharmaceuticals, dyes, soda ash, cement, salt, sulphuric acid, paper and fertilizers.
Roads 67,065 Km.
Tourism Haryana has 32 excellent tourist complexes. 
Festivals Holi (February/March) Baisakhi (Mid. April), Teej (July/August).
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HIMACHAL PRADESH

Area         : 55,673 sq. km. Density       :92 per sq. km.
Population :51,70,877 Growth rate : 19.39%
Capital : Shimla  
Description
Area
description
A Picturesque mountain state, Himachal lies between altitudes ranging from 460 m to 6,600 m. The northern region has a temperate climate and snow fall in winter. Kulu, Manali and Lahaul – Spiti are popular tourist resorts.
Capital Shimla
Towns Shimla, Dalhousie, Dharamsala, Kulu, Kasauli, Kalka, Solan, Chail, Kufri and Lahaul.
Language/s Hindi, Pahari
Literacy 64.54%(men 74.57%, women 52.46%)
Legislative
Council
68
Agriculture Seed potatoes, wheat, maize, rice and fruits such as apples, peaches, apricots, nuts, pomegranates. Foodgrains include rice (945,000 tonnes), wheat (600,400 tonnes), pulses (10,600 tonnes). 
Minerals Rock salt, slate, gypsum, limestone, barites, dolomite and pyrites.
Industry Mainly forest – based industries like turpentine and rosin. The State also makes fertilizers, cement, electronic items and TV sets. Food processing is a vital industry.
Roads 29,958 km.
Airport/s Bhuntar near Kulu and at Jubbarharthi near Shimla.
Tourism The hill towns of Himachal are a big tourist draw particularly after the Kashmir agitation. It has, in fact become a winter sports resorts. 
Festivals Minja Mela (April), Dussera (September/October), Jawala Mukhi Mela (October).
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JAMMU AND KASHMIR
Area          : 2,22,236 sq. Density       :241 persq.km
Population : 77,18,700  Growth rate : 28.92%
Capital       : Srinagar
Description
Area
description
Of which about 78,932 sq. km. is occupied by Pakistan and 42,735 sq. km. by China. Kashmir Province has 8 and Jammu Province has 6 districts. A beautiful state with
snow – capped mountains, lakes, meadows and cascading rivers. Which the Mughal Emperor Jahangir had described it as ‘Heaven on Earth’. The rivers Chenab and Jhelum flow through the state.
Capital Srinagar (Summer) and Jammu (Winter)
Towns Anantnag, Baramula, Chilas, Gilgit, Lah, Punch, Udhampur, Riasi, Kargil, Kathua. 
Language/s Urdu, Ladakhi, Dogri and Kashmiri.
Literacy 33.68% (45.18% men and 19.55% women)
Legislative
Council
76
Agriculture 80% of the people are dependent on agriculture and rear sheep and goats. Rice, Maize, wheat, jowar, barley are main crops. Kashmir is also famous for its apple, pear peach, cherry and almond orchanrd
Minerals Rock salt, slate, gypsum, limestone, barites, dolomite and pyrites.
Industry Mainly forest – based industries like turpentine and rosin. The State also makes fertilizers, cement, electronic items and TV sets. Food processing is a vital industry.
Roads 29,958 km.
Airport/s Srinagar, Jammu, Leh
Tourism Kashmir is famous for the Dal Lake and for its boat houses and shikaras. Srinagar,
Pahalgam, Gulmarg, Sonamarg are the main tourist centres. Amarnath and Vaishno Devi
are places of pilgrimage. Leh in Ladakh is an important Buddhist centre.
Festivals Minja Mela (April), Dussera (September/October), Jawala Mukhi Mela (October).
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JHARKHAND
Area          : N.A. Density        :241 persq.km
Population : 26,909,478 Growth rate : 28.92%
Capital      : Ranchi
Description
Area
description
Jharkhand is the newly state separated from the state Bihar with the area and population.
Capital Ranchi
Districts 18
Language/s Urdu, Ladakhi, Dogri and Kashmiri.
Literacy 39.38%
Legislative
Council
76
Other
Cities
Chatra, Giridih, Ranchi Bokaro, Palamu, Dhanbad.
Festivals Diwali, Chhat, Holi.
Airports Ranchi, Dhanbad
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KARNATAKA
Area         :191,791sq.km. Density       :234 per sq. km.
Population : 4,49,77,201 Growth rate : 20.69% 
Capital       : Bangalore
Description
Area
description
Divided into 20 districts. Earlier Known as Mysore, renamed Karnataka in 1973. The rivers Krishna, Tungabhadra and Cauvery flow eastwards through the plateau. The Eastern Ghats consisting of low hills and a dry plateau run through the state rivers away from the easterns sea coast. The highest peak Mahendragi rises 1,500m. above sea level. The Krishna and Godavari, the largest river in the state has fertile deltas. An important tributary, of Krishna is the Tungabhadra. The Nagarjunsagar dam is built across the Krishna.
Capital Bangalore
Towns Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Bijapur, Chikmagalur, Hassan, Karwar, Hubli, Mangalore, Kolar, Mandya, Mysore, Tumkur and Raichur.
Language/s Kannada
Literacy 56.98% (67.25 % men and 44.34% women)
Legislative
Council
224
Agriculture 71% of the people live by agriculture. Food crops are rice and jowar, ragi, sugar, groundnut, castorseed, safflower. 59% of coffee produced in India comes from Karnataka. Cash Crops
are cashewnut, cardamom pepper, oranges and grapes. Karnataka Contributes 70% of silk of the Country’s output.
Forests 30,74,00 ha. Producing sandalwood, bamboo and other timber. 
Minerals Gold and Silver. The National Mineral Development Corporation of India has indicated total reserve of nearly 1,000 m. tonnes of magnesite and iron ore. Karnataka is the largest producer of chromite
Industry Manufacturing of aircraft, machinetools light engineering and electronics goods. Other industries include textiles, vehicles, cement, chemicals, sugar, paper, porcelain soap and the manufacture of sandalwood oil and related products.
Roads 1,28,900 km
Tourism The cosmopolitan city of Bangalore, Mangalore, and Mysore with its palaces and gardens attract many visitors. Hampi (Capital of the Vijayanagar Kingdom) and Halebid have a large number of monuments. There are beautiful Hoysala temples at Somnathpur and Belur and Chalukvan temples at Badami
Festivals Sankranti (January), Dusshere (September). 
Minerals Gold and Silver. The National Mineral Development Corporation of India has indicated
total reserve of nearly 1,000 m. tonnes of magnesite and iron ore. Karnataka is
the largest producer of chromite
Industry Manufacturing of aircraft, machinetools light engineering and electronics goods.
Other industries include textiles, vehicles, cement, chemicals, sugar, paper, porcelain
soap and the manufacture of sandalwood oil and related products.
Roads 1,28,900 km
Tourism The cosmopolitan city of Bangalore, Mangalore, and Mysore with its palaces and gardens
attract many visitors. Hampi (Capital of the Vijayanagar Kingdom) and Halebid have
a large number of monuments. There are beautiful Hoysala temples at Somnathpur and
Belur and Chalukvan temples at Badami
Festivals Sankranti (January), Dusshere (September). 
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KERALA
Area         :38,863 sq. km Density       :747 per sq. km.
Population :2,90,98,518 Growth rate : 13.98% 
Capital      : Trivandrum
Description
Area
description
It is situated between the Arabian Sea and the mountains of the Western Ghat with peaks which very between 900 m to 1,800 m. Kerala is a beautiful state of green fields and coconut groves. To the east are the Nilgiris or the Blue Mountains. 
Capital Thiruvananthampuram (Trivandrum)
Towns Alleppey, Cannanore, Cochin, Ernakulam, Kottayam, Palghat, Quilon, Trichur, Malappuram.
Language/s Malayalam
Literacy Kerala is the first state to achieve near 100% literacy (94.45% men and 86.93% women)
Legislative
Council
140
Agriculture Rice, tapioca, coconut, arecanut, cashewnut, oilseed, pepper, Sugarcane, rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa and cardamom are cultivated. About 95% of Indian rubber is produced in Kerala.
Forests 30,74,00 ha. Producing sandalwood, bamboo and other timber. 
Minerals The beach sands of Kerala contain monazite, limonite, rutile, zircon, sillimanite, etc. Other minerals of commercial importance are mica, graphite, limestone, quartz, sand and lignite.
Industry Manufacturing of aircraft, machinetools light engineering and electronics goods. Other industries include textiles, vehicles, cement, chemicals, sugar, paper, porcelain soap and the manufacture of sandalwood oil and related products.
Roads 1,28,900 km
Tourism Kovalam beach near Trivandrum, Idukki, Periyar, Thekkady and Silent Valley national parks and Cochin. Important temples are at Guruvavoor and Sabarimala.
Festivals Pooram (April/May). Onam (August/September).
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MADHYA PRADESH
Area          :443,446sq.km. Density        :149 per sq.km
Population : 6,61,81,170 Growth rate : 26.75%
Capital       : Bhopal
Description
Area
description
Divided into 61 districts. The largest state with ia mean elevation of 1,600 ft. interspersed with the Vindhyachal and Satpura Ganges running through it.
Capital Bhopal
Towns Ujjain, Indore, Gwalior, Jhansi, Rewa, Bhilaspur.
Language/s Hindi.
Literacy 43.45% (57.43% men and 28.39% women).
Legislative
Council
320
Agriculture Production of foodgrains 17.8 m. The main foodcrops are jowar, wheat, rice, sugarcane, cotton
Forests 55,4111 sq. km. or about 35% of the State grows chiefly sai, saja and teak species.
Minerals M.P is rich in natural resources like iron ore, manganese ore, coal, limestone, tin etc. The only diamond mines in the country are at Patna
Industry A Steel Plant at Bhilai, the Aluminum Plant at Korba, the paper mills at Hoshangabad, the newsprint mill at Nepanagar and the Alkaloid factory at Neemuch are among the largest in the
country. BHEL, India’sfirst heavy electrical equipment factory, was set up by the Government of India at Bhopal during the Second Plan Period.
Roads 902,580 km.
Tourism The temple town of Khajuraho, Gwalior Fort, Tansen’s mausoleum and the Samadhi of the Rani Jhansi, Jabalpur’s marbel rocks Sanchi Stupa, Ujjain and Kanha National Park.
Festivals The temple town of Khajuraho, Gwalior Fort, Tansen’s mausoleum and the Samadhi of the Rani Jhansi, Jabalpur’s marbel rocks Sanchi Stupa, Ujjain and Kanha National Park.
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MAHARASHTRA
Area         :
307,690 sq. km.
Density       :256 per sq. km.
Population :7,89,37,187 Growth rate : 25.36%
Capital      : Mumbai
Description
Area
description
Comprising 31 districts with a very long coastline. To the west area the Western Ghats which run parallel to the seacost. To the east is a plateau. The main rivers are Godavari, Tapi, Wardha, Bhima and Krishna.
Capital Mumbai
Towns Pune, Nagpur, Kolhapur, Sholapur, Aurangabad, Nasik, Wardha, Bhusaval, Jalgaon, Ahmednagar, Nanded, Akola.
Language/s Marathi, Hindi
Literacy 63.10% (74.84% men and 50.51% women).
Legislative
Council
78 and Assembly 288
Agriculture About 70% of the people depend on agriculture Rice, Jowar, bajra, groundnut, tobacco, cotton, oil seeds are grown Nagpur oranges are renowned for their quality.
Forests 63.812 sq. km
Minerals Coil, silica, sand, dolomite, kynaite, silimanite, limestone, iron ore, manganese bauxite.
Industry Industries are concentrated in Bombay, Pune and Thane. Chemicals and allied Products, textiles electrical and non – electrical machinery petroleum products, aircraft – rubber and plastic products and transport equipment.
Roads 208,183 km
Tourism Ajanta, Ellora, Elephanta Caves and Religious places at Nashik, Aurangabad, Pandharpur and Important tourist centers. Mahabaleshwar and Matheran are popular hill stations.
Festivals Mahasivaratri and Holi (February/March), Ganesh Chaturthi and Gokulastami (August/September).
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MANIPUR
Area          :22,327 sq.km. Density        :82 per sq.km
Population : 18,37,149 Growth rate : 28.56%
Capital       : Imphal
Description
Area
description
Manipur was a union territory till 1956 and Became a full fledged state in 1972.
Capital Imphal
Language/s Manipuri, English and number of tribal dialects spoken in the hills.
Literacy 60.96% (72.98% men and 48.64% women)
Legislative
Council
60
Agriculture Rice is the principal crop. Other crops are wheat, maize and pulses. Fruit and vegetables
include pineapple, oranges, bananas, mangoes, pears, peaches and plums.
Forests 15,154 sq. km. The main products are teak, jurjan, pine, there are also large areas of bamboo and cane.
Industry Handloom weaving is a cottage industry Large scale industries include the manufacture of bicycles and TV sets, sugar, cement, starch, vegetable oil and glucose.
Roads 3,971 km.
Tourism Imphal, the Logtak lake, the biggest fresh water lake in eastern India, the 15th century Vishnu temples are Bishnupur, Keibul Lamo, the only floating national park in the World and the Orchid yard at Khongampat are tourist centres.
Festivals Yaosang (March/April), Rath Yatra (June/July), Christmas (December)
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MIZORAM
Area           :21,081sq.km Density       :33 per sq. km
Population  : 6,89,756 Growth rate : 38.98%
Capital        : Aizawl
Description
Area
description
The world’s ‘Mi’ means man ‘zo’ means hill and ‘ram’ means country. Among the other tribal groups are the Lushai, Hmar, Ralte, Paur’s Paihte, Pauri, Chakma, Kuki and Lakher.
Capital Aizawl
Language/s Mizo and English
Literacy 81.23% (84.06% men and 78.98% women)
Legislative
Council
40
Agriculture Rice is the staple food of the Mizos who practice shifting cultivation.
Forests 15,935 sq. km
Airports Aizawl 
Industry (Cottage) Handloom Weaving
Roads 4,838 km 
Festivals Christmas (December 25) Tribal Festival.
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NAGALAND
Area          :
16,579 sq. 
Density       :73 per sq. km.
Population : 12,09,456 Growth rate : 56.86%
Capital      : Kohima
Description
Area
description
A mountainous territory. Nagaland is covered largely with ranges varying from 4,000 to about 10,000 ft, above the sea level. Saramati, the highest peak is 3,841 m high and Kohima is 1,44.12 m above the sea level.
Capital Kohima
Towns Dimpaur, Tuensang and Mokokchung
Language/s Each tribal group speaks a separate dialect. Principle language are Ao. Konyak, Angami but the Official language in English
Literacy 61.30%
Legislative
Council
60
Agriculture The villagers practice jhoom or shift cultivation. They are mostly rice eaters and have a preference for beef and pork. Their Favourite drink is a rice beer.
Forests 63,771sq.km. Forest products are teak, eucalyptus, cashew, casuarina and bamboo.
Minerals Coal, Limestone, Chromite, Iron ore, Copper ore, Clay Glass and Slate.
Industry There is a forests product factory at Tijit, a paper mill at Tuli, and a sugar mill.
Airport Dimapur
Festivals Sekreny (February), Christmas (December 25), Trival Festivals.
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ORISSA
Area          : 1,55,707sq. Density       :202 per sq. km.
Population : 3,16,59,736 Growth rate : NA
Capital      : Bhubaneshwar
Description
Area
description
Divided into 28 districts. Orissa has a lovery seacoast. Hills run north to south. The biggest river is Mahanadi, the longest dam of India and the fourth largest dam in the world the Hirakud, is on this river. Lake Chilka is the largest Saltwater lake.
Capital Bhubaneshwar
Towns Cuttack, Rourkela, Puri and Sambalpur
Language/s Oriya
Literacy 48.55% (62.37% male and 34.4% female)
Agriculture Over 80% of the people are dependent on agriculture, Rice Oilseeds, pulses, jute, sugarcane, coconut, turmeric are important crops. Lac is an important forest product of the ‘Kusum’tree. The people make ‘beedies’ from tendu leaves. 
Forests 63,771sq.km. Forest products are teak, eucalyptus, cashew, casuarina and bamboo.
Minerals Iron ore, manganese, dolomite, limestone, graphite, fire clay and bauxite. Rourkela has a big steel plant.
Industry Rourkela has the biggest Steet Plant. Other industries are explosives, heavy machine tools, paper, fertilizers, electronics and coach repair factories.
Roads 1,96,023 km.
Tourism Orissa has a large number of temple, the most famous being the Jagannath temple at Puri and Sun temple at Konark. Bhubaneswar has several monuments and there are rock – cut Jain and Buddhist caves at Khandagiri and Udaygiri.
Festivals Holi (February/March), Puri car festival (June/July), Diwali (October/November).
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PUNJAB
Area          :50,362sq.km Density       :401 per sq. km.
Population :2,02,81,969 Growth rate : 20.26%
Capital      :Chandigarh
Description
Area
description
The land is watered by the tributaries of the Indus-Ravi, Beas, Satluj and the Ghaggar.
Capital Chandigarh
Towns Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Jalandhar, Moga
Literacy 57.14% (63,68% men and 49.72% women)
Legislative
Council
117
Agriculture As against an average of 51% in other States, Punjab has 85% under cultivation. Punjab produces the highest quantity of food grains
Forests 2,84,237sq.km.
Minerals Asbestos and barites, copper ore, coal, iron, limestone and manganese
Industry Textile (especially hosiety), sewing machines, sports good, sugar, bicycles, electronic goods, machine tools, hand tools, vehicle parts, surgical goods, vegetable oils, tractors, chemicals and pharmaceuticals.
Roads 38,307 km.
Tourism Golden Temple at Amritsar is an important pilgrimage centre for the Sikhs. Patiala and Chandigarh are tourist attractions. .
Festivals Hola Mahola (March/April), Baisakhi (April/May), Diwali (October/November), Holi (February/March). 
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RAJASTHAN
Area          : 342,239sq.km Density        :128 per sq. km.
Population : 4,40,05,990 Growth rate
Capital       :  Jaipur
Description
Area
description
To the west lies the great Indian desert-the Thar partly rocky and sandy, stretching from the west of the Aravalli range to the indo-pak border.
Capital Jaipur
Towns Ajmer, Alwar, Chittorgarh, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bharatpur, Kota.
Language/s Rajasthani, Hindi
Literacy 38.81% (55.07% men and 20.84% women)
Legislative
Council
200
Agriculture Principal crops are pulses, rice, wheat and cotton.
Forests 63,771sq.km. Forest products are teak, eucalyptus, cashew, casuarina and bamboo.
Minerals Gypsum and rock phosphate, silver, zinc, asbestos, feldspar, copper, limestone
Industry Textiles, cement, glass, sugar, sodium, oxygen and acetylene units, pesticides, insecticides, dyes, caustic soda, calcium carbide, nylon tyre cords and refined copper. 
Roads 55,123 km
Tourism Rajasthan with its historical past has a number of tourist centers with medieval forts and ‘havelis’ like those at Jaisalmer, Sarishka and Ranthambore are national Parks while Bharatpur is a bird sanctuary. Mount Abu is a hill station and nearby the Dilwa Ma Jain temples are breathtaking
in beauty.
Festivals Desert Festival Jaisalmer (February), Holi (February/March), Gangaur (March/April), Teej (July/August), Raksha Bandhan (August/September), Dushera (September/October), Diwali & Pushkar Fair (October/November).
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SIKKIM
Area          :7,096 sq.km. Density        :57,per sq km.
Population :4,06,457  Growth rate : 27.57%
Capital      :Gangtok
Description
Area
description
A mountains state, it has the Kanchanjunga, the third highest peak in the world. About one-third of the state is covered with dense forests. The main river is Teesta Sikkim has a large variety of orchids and is referred to as a boatanist’sparadise.
Capital Gangtok
Towns Rangpa, Namchi, Yuksom, Lachen, Mangan, Gyalshing.
Language/s English,Lepcha,Bhutia, Nepal and Limboo.
Literacy 56.53% (64.34% men and 47.23% women)
Legislative
Council
32
Agriculture Main crops are rice, maize, millet, wheat and barely. Cash crops are cardamom, mandarin, oranges, apples, potatoes and buckwheat.
Forests 1,000sq.km. 
Minerals Copper Zinc and lead are mined by the Sikkim Mining Corporation Local crafts include carpet weaving making, handmade paper, wood carving and silver work.
Industry There are two cigarette factories, two distilleris and a tannery at Rangpo and a fruit preserving factory at Singtam.
Roads 1,456km
Tourism All of Sikkim is tourist paradise.
Airport/s At Bagdogra, 128km from Gangtok and is linked to Gangtok by helicopter service.
Festivals Loser (February), Lossong (November/December), Dushera(September/October). 
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TAMIL NADU
Area          :
130,058sq.km.
Density        :428per sq.km. 
Population : 5,58,58,946 Growth rate : 14.94%
Capital       :  Chennai
Description
Area
description
The Southern most tip of the peninsula is Kanyakumari which overlooks the meeting of the three seas – the Bay of Bengal, Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea.
Capital Chennai
Towns Kancheepuram, Thanjavurm, Tuticorin, Madurai
Language/s Tamil
Literacy 63.72%(74.8% men and 52.29% women).
Legislative
Council
235
Agriculture Staple food crops are paddy, maize, jawar, bajra, pulses and mallets. Important commercial crops are sugarcane, oilseeds, cashewnuts, cotton, tobacco, coffee, tea, rubber and pepper.
Forests 2,250,670 ha. Forests cover about 27% of land area.
Minerals Magnestite, Salt, coal, chromite, bauxite, limestone, manganese, mica, quartz, gypsum and feldspar.
Industry Important industries are cement, sugar, tanning and leather, textile machinery, power driven pumps, bicycles, electrical machinery, tractors, motorcars, rubber tyres and tubes, bricks and tiles and silk. Main exports, cotton goods, tea, coffee, spices, engineering goods, motor car ancillaries, leather and granite.
Roads 170,652 km.
Airport/s Chennai, Tiruchirapalli, Madurai, Coimbatore.
Tourism Important temples in the State are the Meenakshi temple in Madurai, the Nataraja temple in Chidambaram, the Brihadeeswara temple at Thanjavur. Udagamandalam (Ooty) and Kodaikanal are well-known hill stations. The Shore temple Pallava art at Mammallapuram near Madras is also a major attraction.
Festivals Holi (February/March), Baisakhi (Mid-April), Teej (July/August).
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TRIPURA
Area         10,486sq.km
Population Growth rate :33.69%
Capital       :  Agartala 27,57,205
Density        Growth rate :33.69%
Capital       :  Agartala 262 per sq. km.
Description
Area description Low hills ranges run from north to south. 60 percent of the State is covered with forests. Jampui hills are known for producing the finest oranges. Gomati is the most important river 30 percent of the people are tribes.
Capital Agartala
Towns Amarpur, Maharani, Sonamina
Language/s Bengali, Kokbarak and Manipuri.
Literacy 60.39% (70.8% men and 50.01% women)
Legislative
Council
60
Agriculture Rice, wheat, jute, mesta, potatoes, oilseeds and sugarcane.
Forests 55% of the land area, 7,597 ha. Are under new rubber plantation.
Airport/s Agartala
Industry Tea and jute. Small industries include aluminum utensils, rubber, saw-milling, soap, fruit canning, handloom and sericulture.
Roads 6,348 km. 
Tourism Jumpi Hill, Nirmahal, Sipahjala, Dumboor Lake, Kamalasagar, Matabari are important tourist spots.
Festivals Dol Yatra (March), Durga Puja (September/October), Diwali (November).
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UTTARANCHAL
Area          N.A
Population Growth rate : 19.20%
Capital       Dehradun 8,479,562
Density         Growth rate : 19.20%
Capital       Dehradun 159per sq.km.
Description
Area description This State has been separated from the state Uttar Pradesh with area and population. It Provides thirteen districts.
Capital Dehradun
Towns Uttarkashi, Dehra Dun, Almora, Nainital, Pithoragarh
Language/s Hindi, Urdu, English
Literacy 60.28%
Airport  Dehra Dun
Festivals Holi (February/March), Ram Lila & Dushera (September/October) Diwali (October/November). 
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UTTAR PRADESH
Area           294,411 sq.
Population 13,91,12,287
Capital      Lucknow
Density        471 per sq. km
Growth rate 25.16%
Description
Area description Covering 13 administrative division and 63 districts. The north of the state is mountainous. The southern region comprises of the Gangetic plain. The main rivers are the Ganga, Yamuna, Betwa, Ranganga, Gomati and Ghaghra.
Capital Lucknow
Towns Allahabad, Dehradun, Haridwar, Saharanpur, Meerut, Aligarh, Agra, Mathura, Varanasi, Kanpur (famous for leather), Ferozpur (glass bangles), Jhansi.
Language/s Hindi
Literacy 41.71 (55.35% men and 26.02% of women)
Legislative
Council
426
Agriculture Wheat, maize, barely, gram, sugarcane, and potatoes. Among the cash crops produced are rapseed and mustard, Sugarcane is a major crop with the largest number of sugar factories concentrated in Meerut, Muzaffarpur, Saharanpur, Deoria, Gorakhpur.
Forests 5.16 m sq.km.
Minerals Magnesite, fire-clay, coal, copper, dolomite limestone, soapstone, gypsum, bauxite, diaspore, ochre, phosporite, pyrophylite, silica sand and stetite.
Industry Sugarm edible oils, textiles, distilleries, leather, agricultural engineering, paper and chemicals.
Roads 97,559km 
Tourism Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedernath, Badrinath, Hardwar, Rishikesh, Mathura, Varanasi are places of pilgrimage. Nanital, Mussorie, Ranikhet and Almora are hill resorts. The Taj Mahal at Agra attracts tourists from all over the Worls.
Festivals Magh Mela, Allahabad(January/February), Holi(February/March), Janamashtami (August/September), Ram Lila and Dusshera(September/October), Diwali (October/November).
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WEST BENGAL
Area         
88,752 sq km
Population 6,80,77,965
Capital       Kolkata
Density      766 per sq. km. 
Growth rate  24.55%
Description
Area description cover 3 divisions and 17 districts. To the north of the State stands the Himalayas. Darjeeling, the northern – most district has and elevation of 3,658 m. above the sea level. River Teesta, Torsa, Jalhaka flow to the north. The rivers Bhagirathi, Mayurakshi Damodar, Kangsabati flow through the region. The Bhagirathi, a branch of the Ganga, is called Hooghly in the lower reaches.
Capital Kolkata 
Towns Howrah, Midnapur, Bankura, Purulia, Suri, Marshidabad (know for silk), Durgapur, Asansol, Chittaranjan, Darjeeling, Maldah, Jalpaiguri.
Language/s Bengali
Literacy 57.72% (67.24% men and 47.15% women)
Legislative
Council
295
Agriculture Rice, wheat, pulses, oilseeds, jute, tea. 604% of the national output of jute and mesta is produced in west Bengal. 
Forests 13.49%
Airport/s Kolkata, Bagdogra
Industry A large Automobile Factory at Uttarpara, Aluminum rolling mills at Belur. Durgapur has a large steel plant. Other industries include chemicals, engineering goods, electronic,textiles, automobile, tyres, pharmaceuticals, carbon black, graphite, iron foundry, silk explosives.
Roads 1,631 km
Tourism Victoria Memorial, Indian Museum, Zoological Garden, Dakshineswar temple in Kolkata are frequented by tourists. Darjeeling is a noted hill station of India. Santiniketan is famous for its University and Digha as a seaside resort.
Festivals Sagar Mela (December/January), Baisakhi (April/May), Rabindra Jayanthi(May), Durga Puja(September/October),Diwali, Jagadhatri Puja (October/November).