Ovarian Cancer Treatment

Best Ovarian Cancer Specialist in India

Ovarian cancer is a condition that occurs when the cells in the ovaries grow and divide abnormally. The mortality rate with ovarian cancer is more than other types of female reproductive cancers.

Causes

In general, cancers occur when there is a sudden change in the DNA of the cells. These changes cause the cells to grow and divide abnormally without dying. Thus, it creates a mass of abnormal cells and invades into the nearby tissues and organs, thereby leading to cancers. The cause of ovarian cancer remains unknown. However, scientists have identified certain factors that are linked to a higher risk of developing ovarian cancer. These factors includ

  • Family history
  • Age over 63 years
  • Endometriosis
  • Obesity
  • Gynecologic surgery
  • Breast Cancer

Symptoms

It is difficult to detect ovarian cancer during the early stage. Women with ovarian cancer do not experience any symptoms until the condition is in the advanced stage. However, ovarian cancer may commonly cause the following symptoms:

  • Pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Bloating
  • Difficulty in eating or loss of appetite
  • Indigestion
  • Abnormal periods
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

Symptoms during cancer progression

During the early stages, the patient may have mild symptoms or no symptoms at all. When symptoms occur, the patient may initially experience stomach pain, fullness, and bloating. In later stages, when the cancer is spreading, the patient may have fatigue, weight loss, back pain, and pain during sex. As cancer begins to invade nearby organs, such as the liver or lungs, the patient may have symptoms related to these organs.

Stages

  • Stage1 : Cancer is limited to either one or both ovaries
  • Stage2 : Cancer has spread to the pelvis or the womb
  • Stage3 : Cancer has spread to the lining of the abdomen and surrounding lymph nodes
  • Stage4 : Cancer has reached to other parts of the body, such as the liver or lungs

Risk Factors

  • Infection
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Bladder or bowel problems
  • Blood Clots
  • Swelling of legs

Post Procedure Care

  • Avoid strenuous activity for at least 12 weeks
  • Do not drive for a few weeks
  • Avoid sex for at least six weeks
  • Perform breathing exercises
  • Manage stress